本篇代寫-澳大利亚的税收讲了在税收方面，澳大利亚居民将对其来自世界各地的所有不同来源的收入征税。只有澳大利亚的临时居民才会根据他们在澳大利亚的收入来纳税。临时居民只需要为他们在澳大利亚工作时获得的收入纳税。如果一个人不是临时居民，那么他们在澳大利亚的公民身份就会自动认定他们纳税。在Robyn Rainer的例子中她是维多利亚大学的讲师，为了了解她的税务情况，有必要了解住院医生。为了纳税，必须确定他们是澳大利亚居民还是外国居民。本篇代寫文章由新西兰第一论文 Assignment First辅导网整理，供大家参考阅读。
Rules and Application
In taxation, a resident of Australia will be taxed on their worldwide income from all different sources that it comes from. Only temporary residents of the country will be taxed based on their Australian income alone. Temporary residents will pay tax only on such income that they earn when they are working in Australia. If one is not a temporary resident, then it automatically follows that their citizenship with Australia deems that they pay tax. Now in the case of Robyn Rainer who worked as a lecturer with Victoria University, in order to understand her taxation situation, it is necessary to understand residency. One has to determine if they are an Australian resident or a foreign resident for purpose of Tax.
When a person is a student in Australia, is working in Australia or has in some ways made Australia as their source of livelihood and their home, then it automatically applies that they would be treated as an Australian resident for purposes of taxation. Now in the case of Robyn Rainer, none of these conditions apply to her. As far as the case is observed, it is seen that Robyn could actually be a citizen of Australia in fact and not a visitor to the country. Therefore, it is necessary to understand what form of roles apply for a citizen who is visiting another country during a taxation year and works part of the year in another country and has part of her salary credited to her account in another country. Now when a resident of Australia leaves Australia temporarily and does not set up their permanent home in another country, then according to the Australian Taxation Office, they are considered as an Australian resident. Thus, under this rule of ATO, it could be said that at least for 2016-2017, Robyn Rainer is an Australian resident for purposes of Taxation. It would appear so because Robyn Rainer is employed with an Australian University, she draws a salary from the University, even though she works for it outside the country. According to residential purposes, she has not set up her home outside the country. Therefore, on the basis of residential circumstances and ATO, she can be taxed for the year 2016-2017. According to the ATO, it would be necessary for Robyn to file her taxes online and declare all her employment income. This will include any and all of her foreign employment income, too. It makes no difference if the income is partially sent to her foreign account or to her Australian account. Even if some foreign domestic income tax applies to her money when it is deposited in the foreign account, Robyn will still have to declare the income. Issue 1 is of whether she has to file for 2016-2017, the analysis with ATO rules shows that she has to file taxation for 2016-2017. Issue 2 is what part of the money she has to file taxation for in 2016-2017; the answer is that she has to file for all of the money, irrespective of any form of foreign domestic tax applied on it.
The third and final issue is whether Robyn Rainer can be taxed for any other subsequent year or years that she would continue to act as coordinator for Victoria University, working in her Calcutta location. Now as along as Robyn intends to return back to Australia as her permanent location, she has to pay taxes as a resident of Australia. Now the case study does not show intention of Robyn Rainer to make her permanent location in India, it specifies that since she was single, she wanted to continue for a few years as coordinator. If and when she settles down, if she makes India as her permanent home, then she would not be a resident of Australia for taxation purposes. Since this is not specified, Robyn Rainer would continue to be taxed for any other subsequent year, as long as she continues for coordinator.
There are some exemptions that would apply for an Australian resident especially when the resident is seen to be engaged in a foreign service for such period of time, where they are assisting Australian Official Development or are part of a public relief, or are working as part of a charitable or religious institution or are deployed in a disaster hit area as part of the relief operations. Now these exemptions would not apply to the case scenario of Robyn Rainer, as it shows clearly that she fits into none of these categories, so for Robyn will file taxation on her income every year, even as she continues working outside her country.