Southeast Asia is the collection or union of 11 different countries which are located between the geographical part of Indian subcontinent and China. The main feature of these countries is notable variation in the indigenous cultural system. The variation lies in the form of religion, commercial approach, agricultural developments, communication strategies, etc. Southeast Asia is notable for its cultural and linguistic diversity that can be compared to that of Europe. This cultural diversity has gone through various changes through the centuries. Some of the changes are tough to analyze, while some are simple yet highly influencing. Just like the cultural background of Southeast Asia, the changes happened in their culture are also diverse and expanded. The political, socioeconomic and the sociological changes in their cultures have caught the attention of the scholars. It is tough and complex to properly address all these changes. However, a typical analysis can be attempted with relevant data.
Experts see Southeast Asia as a developing region that is economically dynamic. But economic changes are carried through by many other modern attributes like proper education, transportation, and mass-media. The formation and activities of ASEAN allowed its original members to be recognized as second-tier Asian Tigers. But other countries like Vietnam, Myanmar, Laos, and Cambodia were developing slowly. Development in the Southeast Asian region was indicated by lower mortality rate, universal secondary schooling, and declined rate of fertility ensuring the achievement of replacement-level fertility in the near future. However, major diversity can be noted in different countries like Laos and Singapore. Capitalists also supported economic changes for business growth. As a part of huge and rapid socioeconomic changes, Singapore and Malaysia have their focus on the development of high-tech industries, but many other Southeast Asian countries like Burma and Laos are majorly dependent on agricultural resources (McVey, 1993). This diversity rooted in the vital and influencing socioeconomic sector is a matter of huge debate and dispute. Experts nourish varied opinions on the ability and effectiveness of the East Asian industrialization model within the regions of Southeast Asia. Market driven capitalism and the role of the government are considered as vital factors. The Southeast Asian tigers have raised a question upon the theory which states that democracy and economic growth goes hand in hand.