I believe abortion is justifiable and moral only in the following 4 exceptional cases –
a) When the woman is raped – The society may not accept the baby of a raped woman. Later on, this would cause troubles for the woman as well as the child.
b) The woman is under age – The girl may not have prior knowledge or understanding as to what it means to have a baby and what leads to fertility and the consequences of being a mother at a very young age.
c) The foetus is expected to have some physical or mental disabilities – In this case the mother should have full discretion whether to accept the chid or not. Having a disabled child might cause some serious problems to the parents as well as to the child afterwards.
d) Pregnancy may threaten the life of mother – If there are chances that giving birth may lead to the death of a mother, then abortion is completely justified because the mother can’t risk her life for somebody else’s life. Her life comes first and then the lives of others.
In all the other cases, abortion is completely not justifiable and is immoral. Accept for the above cases, abortion is a murder. It is killing of a human person. By the example of sleeping person, a foetus is also a person even though it does not have the characteristics of a person. A foetus may not be a person but it is going to be a person. By killing a foetus, one is killing the prospects of somebody who can become a person.
Most people have abortion because they did not use protections or their protections did not work or because of secret unsafe sex. All these are the mistakes of the people involved in it. Then why should the foetus suffer for it? With invention of so many methods to prevent formation of foetus after sex, one cannot really blame that the protections did not work. All the measures should be followed during sex and after sex to ensure that reproduction doesn’t take place. Reproduction is the miracle of the God and nobody else has the right to take away lives of human beings as well as persons.
In concluding all of the above facts, it can be came to the conclusion that a foetus if given a chance would definitely become a person and would have all the characteristics of a person. He may not be a person now, but would be a person after some time. Giving birth is one of the beautiful things a human being can have. It is natural and going against nature could prove to be very much destructive. Hence, keeping accidental cases and exceptions aside, abortion is completely immoral and unjustifiable. It is one of the evils which are still being prevailed in many parts of the world. It should be stopped and strict punishments should be given to the person who tries to do abortion without any reason.