Approaches towards modernization
Under the rule of Mao, countryside population was divided into five categories as landowners, rich laborers, middle laborers, poor laborer and rentals. To recover economy and to modernize China Mao started land reforms on large scale. Under him there was a law formed according to which the peasants have the ownership of land. The land was shared equally among the peasants. After land reforms, there was more production as people have high incentives to do so. Due to increase in the production there was more availability of raw materials (Goldman, 2012).
In 1958, Great Leap Forward was brought in by Mao; under this fresh but very extraordinary goals were set for business and cultivation, also in his time collectivization was announced, due to which people have to vacate their land and link with co-operatives. The Great Leap Forward was a disaster as the goals were so much that people were not able to reach the goals. As a result of this the shortage of food became a serious issue.