基督城论文代写-科学管理

| 31-7月-2019 | 代写论文

  本篇基督城论文代写-科学管理讲了管理是现代世界的一个重要术语。在过去的一千年里,管理已经发展到一个非常先进的阶段,被称为科学管理。科学管理主要包括运用科学方法和方法管理、控制和执行任何组织的业务运作,包括为实现业务目标而作出的决策。弗雷德里克•温斯洛•泰勒(Frederick Winslow Taylor)也被称为科学管理之父,他开创了科学管理的道路,以确保组织的高利润率和生产率。本篇基督城论文代写文章由新西兰第一论文 Assignment First辅导网整理,供大家参考阅读。

  Management is an important term in modern world. Management has evolved into a much advanced stage which is called scientific management over the millennium. Scientific management primarily consists of application of scientific methods and approaches in managing, controlling and carrying out business operations in any organisation including decision making for achieving business objectives. Frederick Winslow Taylor, also called the father of scientific management, pioneered the path of scientific management to ensure high profitability and productivity in organisations. In 1911, Taylor published his own book entitled Principles of Scientific Management, where he denoted four main principles as the foundation of scientific management. In 1912, Taylor also presented his scientific management principles at the House of Representatives. He put his best endeavour to bring change in the organisations by replacing the age-old “thumb-rule method” by scientific approaches in management processes (Waring, 2016).

  Taylor’s scientific management theory and its relevance in the modern world

  The four principles of scientific management

  Taylor’ Scientific management is based on four principles, which are:

  Replacement of the thumb-rule method by scientific approaches in the management of tasks through scientific study

  Selecting, teaching, training and developing the right person for the right task rather than leaving the worker to learn on his own

  Cooperating with the workers to ensure whether they are following scientific methods planned for the tasks rather than leaving them to decide on their own

  Division of work equally among the workers and the managers so that the planning and decision making by the managers are done scientifically and the tasks are performed accordingly by the workers (Taneja, Pryor & Toombs, 2011)

  Following these four main principles can only lay the foundation of scientific management in an organisation. For this, both the management and the workers need to co-operate each other and mental revolution is necessary for carrying out the principles actually in both the parties. Taylor has emphasized on increased productivity for the most common problems of profitability and worker’s wage. High productivity can only eliminate the problems of low wage for workers and profit for owners.

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