本篇论文代写-中国农村妇女问题讲了农村男性迁移到中国不同城市后，留在农村的女性以农业为主要工作，成为中国农业领域的主要劳动力(Jingzhong, 2016)。中国妇女现在有了新的工作角色，她们不仅成为了农业领域的主要劳动力，她们还开始照顾房子、孩子和老人，这些人是由于移民而留下的(Goodburn, 2009)。为了减少家庭开支，他们开始饲养家禽和家畜(Jingzhong, 2016)。家庭土地的不同质量妨碍了任何形式的机械化耕作。因此，妇女只能依靠简单的手工耕作。本篇论文代写文章由新西兰第一论文 Assignment First辅导网整理，供大家参考阅读。
Women becoming major labour force in agriculture
After the rural males migrated to different Chinese cities, the women who were left behind in the village have taken agriculture as their main work and they became the major labour force in the agricultural field in China (Jingzhong, 2016). The Chinese women have a new job role now they not only became the major workforce in the field of agriculture, they also started taking care of the house, children and old people who were left behind as a result of migration (Goodburn, 2009). They started raising poultry and livestock in order to reduce family expenses (Jingzhong, 2016). The different quality of the household land prevented any form of mechanized farming. Therefore, the women had to rely on simple manual farming practices. Survey showed that in the south-western regions of China during the main agricultural season, women had to work for around 11 hours every day and 20 % of the women had to work for more than 12 hours on a daily basis. Even in non-agricultural seasons or free seasons, approximately 58 % of the women had to work for more than 8 hours daily and 20 % of the women had to work for more than 10 hours (Jingzhong, 2016). It has also been noted that these rural women don’t have any leisure time for themselves (China Statistical Yearbook, 2008).
Psychological and physical issues faced by the rural women
The Chinese women who were left behind in the rural areas are increasing affected by several economic, social and demographic changes that either directly or indirectly affected their health in an adverse manner (China Statistical Yearbook 2008; Jingzhong, 2016). They were having several medical criticalities like infection in their reproductive tract, occupational diseases, diseases related to maternity, HIV/AIDS. As most of the rural women have to bear huge workload on a daily basis, they were thus more prone to have physical exertions (Jingzhong, 2016). A study in the north-western part of China revealed that 60 % of the rural women there are having problem associated with their gastric tracts, facing strain in their lumber muscles and lumbar diapophysis caused by extreme workload in farms (Wu & Rao 2009; Jingzhong, 2016).
It has been stated by a study that women whose husbands came back from cities are making their wives more prone to venereal diseases. Migrants from villages are accounting for 71 % of the HIV positive cases in China (Ding, 2007; Goodburn, 2009). In one-third of cases, the married women left behind in the rural areas are getting HIV infections because of their married male partners who have migrated to the urban areas (Jingzhong, 2016). Surveys also suggested that 30.8 % of the women are having slight or more mental complexities like anxiety and depression. These are results of long term sexual repression, extreme work pressure and anxiety related to the stability of their marriages and economic issues (China Statistical Yearbook, 2008; Goodburn, 2009).