For the questions which could be answered by direct observation and asking others, in that case primary research is useful. When one wishes to learn about a specific problem which doesn’t have a wealth of published data, then primary research is useful. It could be because of the fact that it is not studied commonly (Linhorst 2002). It could also be useful when we are learning how a larger issue plays out at the local level or when one is studying about the local problems. However, not each and every research topic and question is appropriate for the purpose of primary research. The term observation encompasses the proper recording, observation, interpretation and descriptive analysis of the behavior of the people. There are two main kinds of observations namely structured observation and the participant observation (Creswell 2008). The participant observation is majorly concerned with the frequency of the actions, whereas the participant observation is focused on the discovery of the meaning which is attached to the qualitative actions.
Participant Observer is defined as the situation wherein the researcher makes an attempt to fully participate in the actions and lives of the subjects which gives them the opportunity to feel what is happening together with observing it. Participant observation is used in combination with various other methods and also as a principle research method. In this case the researchers tend to become fully immersed in the setting of the research (Robertson 1993). Moreover, the researchers make an attempt to learn the symbolic world of respondents by understanding the process by which the identity of an individual is reconstructed and constructed.