A new born is given the title to perfect freedom and an unlimited enjoyment of rights and privileges of the law of nature; deeming each human being equal to each other and joining society with other men in the group due to the nature of power to protect his property including his life, freedom and estate from attempts and injuries from other men. These crimes are punished and because no political society can subsist without a power to protect that property and restraining those crimes. A political society thus exists where every man in the group has given up his natural right and submitted to the legislative laws, in to the hands of the community (Locke, Ch 7, p 68).
Locke’s Second Treatise is based on the premise of free society with equal natural rights for each individual. They will acquire goods and do as they please but Rousseau who is another famous social contract thinker is sceptical of this fact. He believes that an individual in state of nature is mere a ‘stupid, limited animal’ who is driven and enslaved by instincts (Rousseau, p 27).
When, according to Locke, people start possessing and owning goods, conflicts arise, the threat of people attacking the property increases. Locke presumes that a political system is required to protect the property of members in the society. Locke believes that there should be a low of morality within the people to best protect their lives and property and must come together to form a united body and adhere to normally acceptable behaviours, thereby submitting some of their natural rights to enter in to social contract (Locke, Ch 8, p 49). While focusing on the Rousseau’s social contract, a person when submits his natural liberty, is often tempted to practice unlimited rights and accumulate all that he can. But by giving up his natural freedom, he earns the proprietary ownership of all that he owns (Rousseau, p 27), otherwise it would have been a property of all mankind on earth.