Megabyzos urged for oligarchy form of government. According to Megabyzos, Otanes argument was retaliation against the concept of tyranny. All the people in the country are not qualified to be rulers. Megabyzos implies that common man cannot comprehend the affairs of the state. He says that uneducated people do not have the knowledge to run the government. This could lead to mob action that is capricious. Decisions formed by the uneducated mob could be dangerous for the society, but by having a select few people in forming key decisions this individual insolence can be avoided. This enables the government to overcome possible tyranny and have efficient government process. Ruler who is tyrannical is replaced eventually. The collective knowledge of the decision makers will be beneficial for the government
Darious agrees with some views of Megabyzos. Customs followed by our forefather was notions of monarchy. There was a lot of support by the people in order to continue the concepts of monarchy. The right leader can form effective policies. Because in oligarchy there will be rise in personal enmity and vendetta. In oligarchy system, there will be personal enmity created. There is also a strong possibility for setting up of factions by the governmental system. This vendetta by individual members will cause disruptions in forming of robust governmental system. This system of Oligarchy can lead to disagreements and there will be no real progress made. Darious views on democracy were similar to views held by Megabyzos.
From hearing the three arguments, Herodutus concludes that it is only the rule of one man that can truly provide freedom. Herodutus has speculated on the impacts of old oligarchy. Old Oligarchy is an Athenian concept where the mob is given undue voice in running of the government. Even though it was originally framed with best intentions actual implementation has a number of issues. Herodotus wanted good governance, accountability and stability of the governmental systems. While speaking to the people Herodutus tries to explain to the people that all points of view were considered. Herodotus tries to adopt a fair system and speaks about the discussions. It was observed in the speech that Herodutus gives a lot of importance and respect to Athenian form of democracy. However, Herodutus notes that in its current democratic form it could lead to failure of the system. Hence, he claims that people should also be allowed to select the monarchy. Concepts of democracy and governance decision by many people were still an alien concept to the society. Nevertheless, Herodutus appreciated Athenian system of democracy. Finally, it was concluded that monarchy was the best form of government.
In conclusion, Herodutus has paved the way for modern system of democracy. Through all analysis of the three forms of governance, it was found that each of the ideology had its own advantages and disadvantages. It was concluded that the right leader would be beneficial for the state. Mixed form of governance was set up in order to ensure maximum efficiency in the process.