腐败是当权者的不道德行为。这是贪污公款，为个人利益而欺骗公众的行为。腐败的影响在社会上以许多形式超越。腐败对社会的影响是多层次的(Mahmoudi, 2014)。它不影响社会的任何一个方面。腐败对社会的影响是多方面的。这种腐败行为通常不利于社会的更大利益(Olken & Pande, 2011)。由于腐败的影响，经济、文化、死亡率、就业等因素都受到了负面影响。这在新兴国家已经被发现是明显的(Mahmoudi, 2014)。有人注意到，由于腐败，发展中出现了差距。
由于全球化的到来，新兴国家中跨国公司的数量有所增加(世界银行，2013)。人们发现，由于跨国公司的出现，这些新兴国家的经济取得了相当大的进步。在这一行动之后，新兴跨国公司(EMNC)的发展速度更高(Dewoskin， & Stones, 2006)。新兴国家的跨国公司受到腐败行为的影响。它阻碍了公司、经济和所有参与过程的利益相关者的进步。他们被发现面临着腐败问题的冲击(Olken & Pande, 2011)。这对新兴国家的经济增长和这些国家的跨国企业的生存产生了不利的影响。因此，有必要确定腐败的根本原因，以找到防止社会腐败的方法(Olken & Pande, 2011)。人类学家和社会学家一直在讨论遏制腐败的方法。然而，尽管有许多讨论和执行任务，腐败并没有在个别社会得到遏制(Goudie， & Stasavage, 1998)。为此，本文以中国新兴经济体及其跨国公司为例进行了研究。
Corruption is the act of unethical behavior by people in power. It is the act of embezzling the people, deceiving the public for personal gain. Effects of corruptions transcends in many forms in the society. There is multi-layered impact of corruption that is found in the societies (Mahmoudi, 2014). It does not affect any one aspect of the society. There are multiple implications that occur owing to the impact of corruption in the society. This act of corruption usually functions against the greater good of the society (Olken & Pande, 2011). Economy, literacy, mortality rate, employment factors are negatively impacted owing to the impact of corruption. This has found to be pronounced in the emerging countries (Mahmoudi, 2014). It has been observed that owing to corruption disparity in development has been observed.
Owing to the advent of globalization there has been an increase in the number of multinational companies arising from the emerging countries (World Bank, 2013). It has been found that these emerging countries’ economy has shown considerable progress due to the advent of multinational companies. Subsequent to this action there have been higher rates of development of the Emerging Multi National Companies (EMNC) (Dewoskin, & Stones, 2006). Multinational companies from the emerging countries are found impacted by the actions of corruption. It impedes progress of the company, economies and all the stakeholders involved in the process. They are found to face the brunt of the issue of corruption (Olken & Pande, 2011). This affects the growth of the economies of the emerging countries and the sustenance of the multinational business corporations of these countries adversely. Hence there is a need to determine the underlying causes of corruption to find ways to prevent corruption in the societies (Olken & Pande, 2011). Anthropologist and sociologist have been discussing about the ways to curb corruption. Nevertheless in spite of many discussions and implementation of mandates corruption has not been curbed in the individual societies (Goudie, & Stasavage, 1998). For this purpose the case study of emerging economy of China and its multinational companies has been probed.