Copyright is intellectual property protection. Tangible and intangible assets are both protected by means of patent law, trademark laws and copyright laws. Copyright law will protect the expressions of an idea. Where an idea is an intangible form, expressions are most often tangible forms. Copyrightable subject matter has to be original (Post, and Trempus). In this context copyright protection is set by some terms and gives some exclusive rights to the owner. The violation of these exclusive rights is what is called copyright infringement. In this context the essay discusses fair dealing and fair use in a comparative stance and presents that key provision of the C-11 amendments. The Pentalogy of cases used by the Supreme Court to further clarify the Canadian legal system’s stance on copyright and fair dealing is also discussed in context.The limitations on these exclusive rights are what are called the ‘fair dealing’ in Canada and ‘fair use’ in the U.S. Fair dealing provides for some uses in the form of copying. However these limitations on exclusive rights will be dependent on the purpose. It serves to protect people from infringement lawsuits that might not be fair. For instance in the case of LaChapelle v. Fenty which was a copyright infringement case in 2011 filed by photographer David LaChapelle against Robert Rihanna, it was found that though some aspects were similar, the court dismissed the claims as protected expressions were not copied (McKinney).