The authors used two independent variables, out of which one was manipulated in their results, and the other was a naturally occurring result without manipulation. In all the final set of subjects as participants were 250 having 122 Blacks and 128 Whites, the prejudice conditions were blatant, ambiguous, and none. These three were measured by the evaluators who were also divided into Black and White participants.
In designing the research and the process, the evaluators used questions such as, ‘In the last evaluation, to what extent were the comments made by the evaluator (the human-resources officer) prejudiced?’ These questions made the participants to react and the Stroop performance was measured for appropriate results. The dependent variable, namely the White Americans and Black Americans reactions on the Stroop performance was measured using the Stroop colour naming device.
The subjects when arrived were given a written description of the story like scenario where the subjects were requested to help the human resources division about any possible changes in the hiring decisions. The hiring decisions were more done individually and not collaboratively, which was specifically asked to the subjects. The subjects were asked to evaluate the actual or real hiring decisions made by the company officials. The subjects then received a sheet of information about the hiring recommendations made and the possible changes to be applied. The authors, in order to study their manipulated variables, used a test here; they studied a candidate number 3 and the decision given about the candidate by the White and Black evaluator. This provided a conformity test for the manipulation to be valid and close to the original.
The experimental design used assumptions and reality as two different results to come to a conclusion. The assumed results were aligned with the real and naturally occurring ones and the loophole was identified. The candidates were also assessed by their resumes and their cognitive abilities. The Stroop test was used to assess the high level depletion in cognitive functioning of the subjects. The Black subjects were evaluated against the three conditions of prejudice by the Black and White evaluators and vice versa for the White candidates. The results of the test made the test and hypotheses more relatable and recognisable. Both the subject sets showed a varied pattern of reaction during the three condition of prejudice.
Figure one of the article shows that the Blacks are reacting sharply to ambiguous prejudice conditions, and this is because they are not able to catch the origin of the prejudice against them since it is attributional. The number of subjects experiencing no prejudice or blatant prejudice is almost equal. The Whites are most reactive to the blatant prejudice condition, and this could be because of the reason that they have not experienced prejudice at work.
The results support the projections in the hypotheses presented. The cognitive depletion was attenuated when the evaluator and the subject were either White or Black. The cognitive depletion worsened when the evaluator and the subject were of opposite race worsening the situation.
Minority groups are already a stigmatised group of people and when they are invited as subjects the cognitive impairment is more severe. They are experiencing victim like feeling and need to be cured by detaching them with the social stigma given by the society. The minority group must be safeguarded with proper development goals of cognitive development.