The definition claims to be descriptive in nature and equates the popular culture with almost all the things that the people do and enjoy. However, Hall says that it is the opposition amongst the dominating culture which is the centre and the dominated culture literally on the periphery of the social fabric. Thus, this difference is valuable in taking our attention to the way in which the existing institutions like say schools, etc. work to create and manage this opposition. However, this information is not descriptive in nature and it relies on a notion of the people versus the non-people, a comparison precisely constituted by the dialogue about the culture, conducted in those institutions. The forms of cultural does not have a fixed position on this hierarchy, but keep moving up and down according to their recruitment as per discussion of legitimate and non-legitimate culture in the existing time.Hall rejects both of the above mentioned definitions and instead speaks of the popular culture as a site where ‘the people’ are represented, are fought with and the associated struggle. The concern from Hall particularly, is associated with the processes by which ‘the people’ are defined as submitting to higher powers and providing them all the right to leverage the same against ‘the people’ being opposed to such principles of domination, in turn giving birth to the political concept of the popular culture. However in, the essay Hall just provides a glimpse of his own analysis of the popular as a concept and tried to use the imagination of the reader to work out the rest. Racist ideologies had taken hold of the common sense of the working class and had enough evidence of these ideologies in common realms like newspapers, comments of politicians and almost every part of common life. Thus, the question for Hall working on trying to understand the popular is not simply with the availability of evidence. Also, it was never a matter of it being comparatively easier to study the production of such ideologies in the common available realms of society, but the problem that he encountered was in the theoretical status of concepts such as the consciousness of people and the popular culture.
He argues that a dialectic approach to consciousness and conditions is of paramount importance but that path has hardly been explored. Similarly, when analysing the culture, he refers to common sense and its theoretical status which is being hinted to and not developed within the clear frameworks and the terms like ‘working class culture’ comes in to the picture. But Hall does not see the problem to be one which can be at least left out in the analysis of the popular culture. He has argued time and again that there is no fixed content to the category commonly termed as ‘the people,’ and that popular culture is the site or platform where ‘the people’ are constituted, and that popular culture is always a site of struggle amongst the stakeholders involved.