Foreign Immigrant Workers
In the manufacturing industry the shortage of labor became an apparent issue for the society of Japan In the late 1980s. In 1990 an amendment to immigration law of Japan permitted Japanese immigrant workers descent from South America to work in Japan. For foreign workers a new on-the-job training scheme was established and several workers from Asia initiated to work in Japan in 1990s. The foreign immigrant workers introduction has been debated by several Japanese people. Different interest groups, such as trade unions and enterprises manage varied opinions, and, since the war, the government of Japan had rather prohibited regulations based on foreign immigrant workers. Nowadays the debate on foreign immigrant workers continues to be vigorously discussed. On the exclusion of low skilled labor there is a national consensus. In the long term care field the government has been promoting certified skilled workers. Care workers are not assumed to be unskilled. It may be too fast to discuss the availability of introducing foreign workers into the field of welfare due to the fact that the Japanese communication training and ability are important.
Expert Group Meeting on Policy Responses to Population Ageing and Population Decline:
The CEDAW ratification of Japan has enhanced a collection of laws to gain gender equality. For a gender equal society the most protuberant is the basic law promulgation which set up principles for gaining Japanese gender equality. This development policy denotes that the Government of Japan is trying to serve its society towards gender equality. In fact, the gendered labor division has not been disabled nor the Government of Japan has designed to have it disabled. The efforts by the Government of Japan in gaining gender-equal society have been mainly due to internally the reduction of aging population and birth rate and externally the international pressure. The main issue of sexual equality is to give similar identification to women and men as human beings and to assure them the economic, political, social and legal conditions needed for their person’s existence. Though the Basic law and the measures enhanced by the Government of Japan is still short from motivating gender equality and does not declare equality as women’s human right.