新西兰论文代写-How does innovation lead to growth.创新如何引领增长，创新的真正空间在哪里?本研究将围绕以下研究问题展开:以创新为导向的旅游政策最本质的视角是什么，以及创新政策内容的最本质决定因素是什么?之所以选择问题陈述，是因为根据Bruno等人(2008)的研究，全球化的程度和其他几个因素导致创新成为旅游业的一个重要因素。但是，这个部门需要有一个健全的基础，特别是因为它是一个经济的关键推动力。合理的旅游政策，完全以创新为导向，可以形成良好的旅游基础。
Developed tourism nations competition and structural changes posing challenges
The globalization shock
After the advent of globalization, there are much essential questions that require to be explored according to various researchers such as Rubalcaba (2010). These essential questions range from essential changes to objectives of tourism policy oriented over innovation.
What essential changes have happened in global tourism? Why innovation is required in most maturing economies of tourism? (Sundbo et al., 2015)
How innovation functions within tourism and the way in which the tourism industry’s unique nature influences the innovation process?
What objectives of market order lead towards justifying a tourism policy oriented on innovation?
The globalization process relentlessness along with international tourism market extension and liberalizations lead towards unexpected market share loss for developed nations with tourism. The destinations emerging often have the ability of counting over resources that are not known and therefore attractive on unique basis (Schmitz et al., 2012). From this perspective, they are in a state of introducing newer services and products having the capability to compete over the global markets. When doing this, they have the capability of taking benefit of what have been terms at benefit of backwardness. This is all attributed to low development level which has benefited the new tourism nations from competitive advantage of temporary nature in forms of low costs in wage and favourable rates of exchange.
Even after the benefits that traditional nations of tourism gain from higher development level, various specialization years within tourism and higher competitive experience based deals have led towards influences. These influences are over the capability of these nations for competing over price suffering majorly due to higher wage and rates of exchange (Orfila-Sintes et al., 2009). The conditions of economic framework within the industrialized nations result in slowing the growth speed and putting pressure over the growth rate.
The increasing industry automation and rationalization within the progressive services field in several sectors of economy is prevalent. This is especially across mostly developed nations allowing such sectors to grow in a significantly faster manner in comparison to tourism with the tendency of having lesser productivity. For this reason, the gross domestic product share going to sectors dependent on tourism in comparison to industries and progressive services branches has started to shrink in almost all nations of OECD (Schmitz et al., 2012). Enterprises that are SMEs within tourism branches with higher labour intensive work, in turn suffers from the price disease. These SMEs have productivity which is below average and is under the pressure within markets of domestic factors. They do not have a choice but to resort to the increase in price for compensating for their relative productivity inadequacy. Furthermore, this results in weakening their global competition.