Natural disasters commonly occur in countries across the globe due to various reasons – lack of contingency plans, high vulnerability, huge environmental stress, atmospheric pressure, pollution and much more. The occurrence of earthquake in a country or a specific part of the country denotes the improper seismic patterns or devastation of natural habitat. In this paper, the concept of natural disaster is studied with the example of Wenchuan earthquake. Subsequently, the existence of natural disaster is also analysed as a claim from multiple perspectives to understand the reality and eventually offer recommendations for such situations.
Structural adjustments have taken place in Wenchuan in the initial times when migrants entered. These adjustments led to diseases to humans, economic misalignment and rapid urbanization (Bankoff, 2010). The case of Wenchuan earthquake can often be regarded as an invention of natural disaster. With a range of corrupt practices, the outcomes have turned out to be regrettable as expected. Forced settlement has to be completely avoided. As Smith (2006) rightly says, disasters have the habit of deepening and eroding the ruts rather than flattening and smoothing the landscapes. This could create a variation in the social nature and the accommodation capacities.
It is the responsibility of the government dealing with emergency preparedness and contingency plans to capitalize on such issues and create an environment that will not permit social destruction. Similar example could be the occurrence of Katrina in United States where millions of dollars were lost as the disaster hit and government contracts were discontinued by other countries. The land values decreased. Same outcomes have happened for Wenchuan as well. Smith (2006) also insisted that it is the sole responsibility of the political system to create a healthier environment and this can be followed by the social empowerment. This will eventually create an empowered population with high readiness for any emergency situations. These also indicate the absence of a concept called “natural disaster”.