It has been almost 30 years since the technology of 3D printing had been introduced; the technology is set for revolutionizing teaching laboratories and research. With the passage of time, almost all industries have been considering the application of this technology for a number of different purposes (Felix 2010). The technology of three dimensional printing is known to be having the potentiality for impacting the activity to transmit information in a manner that is similar to the impact of these earlier technologies such as telefacsimile and photocopying (Diaz 2013). This technology of 3D printing is referred to as a process used to make a solid object of three dimension over virtually shaping the model of digital forms. The technology is achieved by the use of additive process, where there is laying down of successive layers over material in a number of different shaped.
This technology of 3D printing is known to be different from the traditional techniques of machinery that mostly has a reliability over material through a number of different methods like drilling or cutting that are also considered as subtractive processes (Freedman 2013). This technology is used for both distributed manufacturing and prototyping as it is applied in a number of industries such as military, aerospace, automotive, industrial design, construction, architecture, medical and dental industries, civil engineering, food, systems of geographic information, education, eyewear, jewellery, footwear, fashion, and a number of other fields (Diaz 2013).
3D printing is referred to as a form of technology for additive information where an object of three dimension is developed as the successive degrees of material is laid down. It has also been referred to as rapid or fast prototyping, is a method of mechanization where there is quick development of 3D objects over a machine with reasonable size is connected to the computer that consists of blueprints related to the object (Diaz 2013). This method of revolution for the creation of 3D models by the utilization of inkjet technology helps in saving cost and time by the elimination of need for designing, printing and gluing together the separate parts of model. The key principle involves the cartridges of material, flexibility with respect to output and code being translated within a pattern of visibility. 3D Printers are referred to as machines that help in the production of physical models of 3D from the data of digital for by being printed in different layers. It is known to be making physical models with respect to objects either developed with the program of CAD or scanning with a scanner of 3D. It is utilized in a number of industries that include construction and engineering, architecture, design of industry, footwear, jewellery, medical and dental industries, aerospace, automotive, consumer products and even education.