为了限制海水，土木工程师和气候科学家研究并提出了一些积极的解决方案。这些解决方案以人工屏障、天然屏障、防波堤、沙丘和其他工程结构的形式出现。然而，这些屏障并不能抵御沿海地区的洪水，相反，当发生严重或轻微的洪水时，它们本身就处于危险之中(Nicholls, Hoozemans， &Marchand, 1999;伍德拉夫，爱尔兰&卡马尔戈，2013)。
To restrict sea water, civil engineers and climate scientists researched and took out some positive solutions. These solutions are present in the form of artificial barriers, natural barriers, jetties, sand dunes, and other engineered structures. However, these barriers cannot counter the floods in coastal areas rather they are in danger themselves in case of heavy and light floods (Nicholls, Hoozemans, &Marchand, 1999; Woodruff, Irish & Camargo, 2013).
Damage to Aquifers
Drinking water has been extracted from underground water reservoirs since early ages. This practice is very common in coastal areas. In these areas population relies largely on this underground water for eating, cooking, cleaning, washing and other utilities. Underground water reservoirs are termed as aquifers. These aquifers naturally desalinate the water and make it useable. If sea level rises to certain level there is a chance of intrusion of sea water in these aquifers which makes it inedible. Another option for coastal population is to attain utility water through artificial desalination plants. But these plants are highly expensive which makes it unfeasible for authorities to manage for whole population in coastal areas.
Moreover, water from aquifers is also used by farmers near coastal areas for irrigation purposes. The polluted or impure water, due to intrusion of sea water in aquifers, may destroy the farming fields, crops, and pesticides effectiveness.
Affect to Plants, Territorial and Sea Animals
The species near and within coastal areas which live in water or are dependent on water in any way may face certain consequences of rise in sea level. Some species completely disappear as a consequence while other may get harm or get scarce. Plants are usually very dependent on environmental conditions. They react relatively quicker to soil erosion, humidity, dryness, over ground and underground temperatures. In the coastal areas, the soil changes its property depending upon range of sea level. Therefore plants near coastal areas and within coastal areas are disturbed. Moreover, if the soil gets salty to a certain extent it is very difficult for plants to grow in that soil. Similarly, risen sea levels are also affecting animals living near coastlines. The animals that use to make their homes on the shores are swept away by the risen sea. Others which are dependent on plants to get their feed are also deprived of their feed when plants do not grow. Because of the mentioned reasons animals may shift to other places (Walther, 2002).