Purves, Alexander. “The persistence of formal patterns.” Perspecta 19 (1982): 138-163. Print.
Masculine and feminine, dynamic and static, the line and the circle, outline the deep duality of individual experience. Moreover, folk dances worldwide are done in either squares and circles or lines. The stone circles located at Avebury as well as the menhirs lines at Carnac and secondly, the longhouse and tipi, the basilica and the Pantheon, the linear space and centric space: these are considered as the two themes which lead architecture. The patterns of organization which tag along these two aspects split amid those which concentrate towards centre, like within a courtyard, and ones which dispense along a line in reaction to the movement. Additionally, the courtyard is considered as an all-inclusive pattern that could take in the ideas of cloister, atrium, castle, temenos and square. In patterns which are arranged in reactions to movement, two concepts, the serial progression and circulation spine, could be set apart. Such archetypal patterns are important means of making space and also, of arranging groups of spaces. One could observe their reflections within numerous idiosyncratic sites. Further, the significance of a site does not lie completely within a formal pattern of arrangement and focus on common themes does not lessen the significance of an exceptional work.