内部利益相关者是指企业内部的利益相关者，如员工、雇主等，而外部利益相关者是指企业外部代表集团或个人的人。利益相关者不应该被区别对待，因为他们在企业中都有自己的利益。对内部和外部利益相关者的权力本质上应该是相似的，因为两个利益相关者都在从项目中寻求共同利益(Beringer et al.， 2013)。然而，内部利益相关者对项目有重要的影响，因此与外部利益相关者相比，应该给予他们更多的重视。外部涉众间接地受到业务内部决策的影响，而内部涉众则直接受到任何更改的影响。因此，业务应该对外部涉众承担主要责任。
This model has few numbers marked inside various sectors. Thus the number 1, 2 and 3 refers to the stakeholders who are also known as latent stakeholders who are dormant, discretionary or demanding. If they have power, they would not be having legitimacy or urgency and hence they raise voice without any action. Stakeholders numbered 4, 5 or 6 are also known as expectant stakeholders (Pinheiro, 2015). They just qualify with two of the mentioned three parameters. Whereas the stakeholder marked 7 is known as definitive stakeholders and has all the three parameters to influence the project big time.
Define the difference between internal and external stakeholders. Should these stakeholders be treated differently? Should internal stakeholders be given greater authority in the governance of the project than external stakeholders? Why or why not?
Internal stakeholders refer to the stakeholders within the business such as the employees, employers etc. whereas the external stakeholders refer to the people who represent group or individuals from outside of the business. Stakeholders should not be treated differently as both of them have their stakes in the business. Authority to the internal and the external stakeholders should be similar in nature as both the stakeholders are looking for mutual profit from the project (Beringer et al., 2013). However, internal stakeholders have major impact on the project and hence they should be given more importance as compared to the external stakeholders. The external stakeholders are impacted indirectly by the decisions made within the business whereas the internal stakeholders are hit directly by any changes. Hence the business should have primary responsibility towards the external stakeholders.